Episco-Fact #76
January 11, 2018

This week's readings are about God's call to discipleship, in both the Old and New Testaments, who were the twelve disciples?

 

The question of the twelve is both easy and difficult. Below is a chart of the list in the Gospels:

Matthew 10:2-4

Mark 3:16-19

Luke 6:14-16

John (no list): "the twelve" are mentioned in John: 6:67, 70, 71

Simon Peter

Simon Peter

Simon Peter

Simon (Peter) 1:41

Andrew: Br. of Simon Peter

James, son of Zebedee

Andrew, Br. of Simon

Andrew, Simon Peter's Br. 1:40

James, son of Zebedee

John, Br. of James, with whom Jesus called the Sons of Thunder

James

sons of Zebedee (no other names given) 21:20

John, Br. of James

Andrew

John

 

Philip

Philip

Philip

Philip 1:43,44,45,46, 48; 6:5,7; 12:21, 22; 14:8,9

Bartholomew

Bartholomew

Bartholomew

 

Thomas

Matthew

Matthew

 

Matthew, the tax collector

Thomas

Thomas

 

James, son of Alphaeus

James, son of Alphaeus

James, son of Alphaeus

 

Thaddaeus

Thaddaeus

Simon, called the Zealot

 

Simon the Cananaean

Simon the Cananaean

Judas, son of James

 

Judas Iscariot, the one who betrayed him.

Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him

Judas, Iscariot, who became a traitor.

Judas, Iscariot

     

Nathaniel, 1:45, 47, 48.

 

These are the Biblical references to the twelve. The lists are not entirely consistent, even between Matthew, Mark, and Luke, the synoptic (seeing the same) Gospels. John's account of the disciples is even more idiosyncratic. There is an inner core of Simon, Peter, Andrew, James, and John who appear in all four Gospels. Judas Iscariot is the betrayer in all four Gospels. Matthew, the tax collector in Matthew 9.9, is thought to be the same Matthew as is on the list. In Luke 5.27, the tax collector is named Levi. Stay tuned for more on discipleship in next week's Episco-fact.

 

David+